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41 Multiple choice questions

  1. This category of nutrient is useful for building new cells and repairing injured ones
  2. Oranges are the best choice. All other options represent complex carbohydrates. Fructose is a simple carbohydrate whereas the starches represent long chains of carbohydrates.
  3. Malt Sugar
  4. These are the building blocks for proteins
  5. The hormone responsible for regulating glucose throughout the body
  6. This waxy substance is used by the body to carry out its many functions, but high levels of this item may be considered dangerous
  7. disease fighting chemicals found in foods
  8. These proteins lack one or more of the essential amino acids needed for a healthy diet
  9. Chicken is the only animal product. Cholesterol is found in animal product and animal bi-product.
  10. 9 is the number of calories for this group
  11. Milk Sugar
  12. This kind of fiber cannot be absorbed in water
  13. These proteins contain all the essential amino acids and in the right amounts for a healthy diet
  14. A kind of carbohydrate that is unable to be digested
  15. This is a unit of the measure of energy stored in food
  16. components of food that are needed for the body to function
  17. Table Sugar
  18. This category of lipids is solid at room temperature due to saturation
  19. Eggs - Protein is found in meat sources, beans, and other compounds made of long chains of amino acids.
  20. This category of nutrient includes fats, oils, waxes, and other compounds
  21. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water
  22. Decreased energy, Developmental Problems, Decreased Focus, Long-term disease, Death
  23. These contain one or two sugars
  24. should be considered the most important of all nutrients
  25. This nutrient category is the body's main source of energy and helps the body use protein and fat efficiently.
  26. Fat - 9, Protein - 4, Vitamin - 0, Mineral - 0, Carbohydrates - 4, Water - 0, Alcohol - 7
  27. caused by a lack of nutrients or an imbalance of nutirents
  28. Special chemical messengers made by the body that regulate different body functions
  29. A, D, E, and K are included in this category of vitamin
  30. This kind of fiber can be absorbed in water
  31. Blood Sugar
  32. Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins
  33. They will impact the food's color
  34. Fruit Sugar
  35. They increase shelf-life (They prevent spoilage)
  36. Nothing. The term is legally meaningless.
  37. This category of lipids is liquid at room temperature due to unsaturation
  38. These contain long chains of sugars
  39. Fat serves to cushion and insulate vital organs.
  40. The study of the nutrients in food and how they nourish the body
  41. Glucose is classified as a simple sugar. The body breaks down sugars in foods and converts them to this easily used form of sugar.